On 15 January 2018 at 07:01 | updated on 23 April 2018 at 08:09

Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Company- the most widely used brand of the 19th century

Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Company- the most widely used brand of the 19th century

The story of the Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Company is based in its origin on the story of James Leonard Plimpton since Winslow was his employee. However, the student outplayed his master with his sales that went all over the world...


Biography of Samuel Winslow

Patins Winslow VineyardSamuel Winslow was born on February 28, 1827 as the son of Eleazer Robbins and died on October 21, 1894 in Worcester. He went to the public school of his hometown. As a child, he started working in a cotton factory. He became foreman of about fifty employees. He was able to prove his inventive genius early on. He moved to Worcester on April 1, 1855, where he assisted his brother Seth.

They rented an area in the high-rise buildings of Merrifield and began to produce pieces of metal for other companies. In 1957 they produced 25 pairs of ice skates, as the ice sports in the country grew more and more. They sold 19 pairs. The following year, they produced 2500 pairs. After Seth passed away, Samuel managed the factory alone. After 27 years at the same location, the factory was moved to the corner of Mulberry Asylum Street, where it still stands today. Samuel continued the factory under the name of Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Company, where he was the president and treasurer until his death. Winslow became one of the largest factories in the city.

From ice to wheels

After the expiration of Plimpton's patents in 1880, his former colleague Samuel Winslow started to make his own roller skates. He teamed up with businessman Horace Bigelow, who reduced the entrance price of roller skating rinks and therefore made the sport accessible to the general public. In 1880, Samuel Winslow's factory became the country's largest roller skating factory. The production increased to 1200 pairs of shoes a day in 1889, with 40 different models for ice skating and 15 inline skate models.
According to the Martha's Vineyard Museum, the most popular model was the 'Vineyard' model, invented and produced by Samuel Winslow. It was sold all over the world. The shoe has a wood base with leather straps and wooden and brass wheels. The Skate Rink in Cottage City was even named after this shoe 'Vineyard Roller Skating Rink'. The model was also presented at that rink for the first time.

Le Vineyard Skating Rink de Winslow

The roller skating rink of Winslow

This roller skating rink was built by Frank Winslow in Oak Bluffs. He also owned another roller skating rink in Boston (Massachusetts). The surface was smooth and had a good roll. Winslow made these places, places of fun, celebrations and sports. The field was octagonal, with thousands of seats on which spectators could admire the skaters and listen to the music of the orchestra that Winslow had organized.
Despite the great success, the rink was closed after only 14 years. It was almost completely destroyed by a fire in 1892. Even the Sea View Hotel across the street has been completely destroyed. The roller skating rink was never repaired.

Patin à deux roues métalliques de Samuel Winslow

The Winslow patent

Samuel Winslow filed many patents in his career. The oldest model is dated back to July 13, 1880 (US Patent No. 230,094).
On March 26, 1912, Samuel Winslow patented in Britain for a mechanical roller skate, which is activated by the movement of the skater.

The fight in the courtrooms

Samuel Winslow had to go several times to court. In 1931, the American state imposed a 10% tax on certain pairs of roller skates. Thus, Winslow owed the state $ 48,502.97 plus $ 14,550.91 penalty for not reporting taxes under the 1918 Law. Winslow complained because in his opinion children's roller skates between the ages of 7 and 12 should not be charged. The lawsuit was rejected.

Patin mécanique de Winslow datant de 1912

An active public life besides skating

His role as mayor

Samuel Winslow US Patent 230,094In 1885 he was in the Aldermen Council. From 1886 to 1889 Samuel Winslow was the mayor of Worcester. He has proved to be a capable, executive politician and has been committed to the development of the city. The first electric rail traffic served the city in terms of its growth; this is just one of many examples of how he brought progress to the city.

The administration of several companies

Samuel also played an important role in public duties. In 1848 he was in the committee that was responsible for school of Newton Upper Falls. On top of that he campaigned for the expansion of the railroad tracks when he became writer of Boston Woonsocket New York and New England Railroad Company. He was also a member of Worcester Town Council between 1865 and 1866. From 1873 to 1874 he was a member of the Worcester Court. 

He became president of Worcester Company Leicester and Spencer Street; and both the Worcester & Millbury Company and State Central & Blackstone Valley Street Railway Company.

He remained active until his death, taking care of the export and his possessions. The controversy in the last company preyed on his mind.

Through the construction and expansion of electronic rail transportation at Spencer and Millbury, M., Winslow became a pioneer in this field of commerce. He was a very successful administrator, vice president and president of the Mechanic's Association; He was also director of the Citizens National Bank from 1889 until his death.

The editorial from Spy Worcester, which was released after his death

Hereby we honor Samuel Winslow for his incomparable work with materials and the development of our city. Worcester loses one of his most representative men. Winslow performed a very important function both in politics, and as a very successful entrepreneur for the city. Precisely for these and more reasons, this man will stay in our memories for a long time. His hard work is more than successful when you see today's results. The premature death of M. Winslow is a serious loss to the city.

Winslow's family

In 1848 he married his wife Mary VVeeks Robbins in Newton Upper Falls. They had two children: Frank Ellery * 16.05.1852 +12.06.1905 and Samuel Ellsworth * 08.04.1862, who both became known for their political activity. Even as a young man he was politically very involved. He completed his school education in public schools and received his diploma in 1880. He accepted office of the class representative. After completing his diploma, he attended the seminar of Williston. In 1885 he got his Bachelor of Arts in Havard.

After several months traveling across Europe, he helped his father as secretary of the company's roller skates factory. After gaining experience in various departments of the company, he started as a salesman. He also was a buyer while traveling across the US. He became president of the company and became active in many companies in his hometown. Over time, he invested more and more in his activities as a Republican.

Publicité pour les patins Winslow


Through the Heartland on U.S. 20: Massachusetts: Volume I: A Historical Travel Guide par William E. Lewis - Auteur : Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Company. - Éditeur: Worcester, Mass. : Samuel Winslow Skate Manufacturing Co., 1909 

Charles Nutt - History of Wordcester and its people (Volume 3)


Released  on 15 January 2018 - Read 3457 times

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Passionné de roulettes devant l'éternel, le jour j'écume le bitume. Si je me crashe, si je tombe, ma peau s'arrache mais pas mon coeur de roller !

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